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Rodents

Rat Control

Do you have a rat infestation? Let Miller Pest Control take care of your rat problems so you don’t have to!  Many people want to know how to kill rats, but the reality is that killing the rats may not be the best solution to your rat infestation problem.

For professional rat control services please contact Miller Pest Control. Let our rat control professionals go to work for you! We will get rid of rats in your house or business!

The most commonly found rat pest in United States is the Norway rat. The Norway rat is also called brown rat, house rat, sewer rat, and wharf rat. The Norway rat is generally considered the most wide spread rat in the United States. It is found in every state.

Rats have caused more human suffering and more economic damage than any other vertebrate pest. From causing plague epidemics (the “Black Death” of Europe) to rat-bite fever, whether feeding on stored grain or gnawing electric wires, rats are enemies of humankind. Statisticians estimate that rats destroy 20 percent of the world’s food supply every year by feeding, and indirectly through contamination.

In most instances, rats are very wary. Hundreds may be nesting in a city block-in underground burrows, in sewers, on roofs, inside buildings-with few people in the area realizing it. Within a population, some rats will be easy to control, some difficult.

Successful long-term rat control is not simple. The key is to control rat populations, not individual rats. Rat control requires an integrated approach that includes non-lethal tools such as careful inspections, upgraded sanitation, and rat-proofing structures. Rats are responsible for the spread of many diseases. Sometimes they transmit the disease directly by contaminating food with their urine or feces. Sometimes they transmit disease indirectly, for example, when fleas first bite an infected rat, then a person. Some of the more important diseases associated with rats include Rat-Bite Fever and Leptospirosis. These diseases often share similar symptoms, and medical professionals must perform the proper diagnoses.

Pest Control technicians are properly trained in how to get rid of rats and the elimination of rat problems using a variety of rat control techniques. These techniques include improving sanitation for the affected location, eliminating hiding places, exclusion and may also include lethal methods such as traps and rodent pellets.  Killing the rats may not be the best answer. Our professional wildlife technicians may not show you how to kill the rats but instead use rat repellents, rat fumigants and rat trapping systems to ensure the effectiveness of the rat control method, without physically harming the rats.

MICE

Mice are defined as rodents, and can generally be differentiated from rats because they’re usually much smaller.  They are more times than not, a grayish-brown and one of the most common house pests in the United States.  They often enter homes through cracks in walls and floors, though they’re known to also gain access to your home through drainage pipes, oven gas lines, and windows.  It’s important to try and eliminate mice before they reproduce and make your problem a full-on infestation (female mice have litters of five to six babies every couple of months).

Mice Control

The house mouse is remarkably well-adapted for living year-round in homes, food establishments and other structures. Homeowners are especially likely to notice mice during winter, following their fall migration indoors in search of warmth, food and shelter. Once mice become established inside a home, they can be extremely difficult to control. Although most people consider mice less objectionable than rats, mice are more common and cause significantly more damage. Mice are prolific breeders, producing 6-10 litters continuously throughout the year. The greatest economic loss from mice is not due to how much they eat, but what must be thrown out because of damage or contamination. Food, clothing, furniture, books and many other household items are contaminated by their droppings and urine, or damaged by their gnawing. House mice gnaw through electrical wiring, causing fires and failure of freezers, clothes dryers and other appliances. Mice also can transmit diseases, most notably salmonellosis (bacterial food poisoning) when food is contaminated with infected rodent feces.

Mouse Behavior

Mice are nocturnal creatures, and, therefore, are rarely seen by the homeowner. The most obvious indicators of their presence are droppings (1/8 – 1/2-inches long, dark and pointed at both ends), sounds of them running, gnawing or squeaking, or damage to stored food or materials used for nesting.

Compared to rats, mice forage only short distances from their nest — usually not more than 10-25 feet. When food and shelter are adequate, their foraging range may be only a few feet. For this reason, traps and other control devices must be placed in areas where mouse activity is most apparent. Mice prefer to travel adjacent to walls and other edges– another critical point to remember when positioning control devices. Mice are very inquisitive and will investigate each new object placed in their foraging territory. If control devices are not initially successful, move them around to a different location.

Mice feed on a wide variety of foods but prefer seeds and cereal grains. They also are fond of foods high in fat and protein such as nuts, bacon, butter and sweets (an important point to remember when choosing bait for snap traps). Mice are “nibblers” and may make 20-30 visits to different food sites each night.

How to Control Mice

To control mice, you must “think like a mouse,” keeping in mind the behavioral traits noted above. The best way to control mice is to prevent their entry. Mice are able to squeeze through extremely small openings narrower than the diameter of a dime. Cracks in the foundation 1/4 inch and larger should be sealed, as should gaps and openings under doors and where utility pipes enter the structure.

Good sanitation and food storage practices are helpful in reducing problems with house mice. Since seeds are a preferred food, all adjacent to the building should likewise be eliminated. However, because mice are able to occupy such small nesting areas and survive on minute amounts of food, sanitation alone will not normally eliminate an existing infestation.

Mice Extermination

You should to take action at the first sign of a mouse infestation. Populations grow rapidly and are extremely difficult to eradicate. It is best to target infestations when colonies are small.

Conventional mouse extermination methods include the use of snap traps, glue traps, live traps or electronic mousetraps. Snap traps, electronic traps and glue traps are designed to kill captured specimens, while live traps require homeowners to release caught mice into the wild.

The use of poison is not advisable within the home. Rodent poisons prove extremely dangerous to humans and house pets. After ingesting poison, mice often retreat to their nesting places within walls to die. This results in foul odors that are difficult to eliminate. Generally, the use of poison is advised only for extreme infestations, although professional pest control methods are safer and more effective.

Let Miller Pest Control take care of your rat and mice problems so you don’t have to!